Interacciones <div id="journalDescription"> <p><strong>Interacciones</strong>&nbsp;is a scientific journal that is based on the double-blind paper review, whose aim is to promote the dissemination of research in <strong>health psychology, clinical psychology and family psychology</strong>. This journal is edited by the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instituto Peruano de Orientación Psicológica – IPOPS</a>, always maintaining its editorial independence. This open-access journal publishes papers in English and Spanish.</p> <p>Interacciones respect the criteria established by the indexing systems in terms of editorial characteristics. Those interested in sending manuscripts can download our guide of "<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>PUBLICATION NORMS</strong></a>". The journal has a permanent call for articles; that is, authors can submit articles for consideration throughout the year.</p> <p>The journal is aimed at researchers, professionals and students in behavioral sciences and psychological research, from a broad thematic and theoretical spectrum. Thanks to the sustained increase in the number of manuscripts received, between 2017 and 2020, the journal was published three times a year (January, May, and September). From 2021 onwards, the journal will have a continuous periodicity publishing the articles as soon as they are accepted.</p> </div> <div id="additionalHomeContent"> <p>Interacciones is registered in the following databases, directories, platforms, libraries and networks:<strong> DOAJ Directory of Open Access Journals; REDALYC; LATINDEX catálogo; DIALNET; REDIB - Red Iberoamericana de Innovación y Conocimiento Científico; ERIH PLUS European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences; MIAR - Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals; Actualidad Iberoamericana; Portal Regional de la Bibliotéca Virtual en Salud BVS-LILACS; Google Scholar; CLASE - Citas Latinoamericanas en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades; EZ3 - Electronic Journals Library; CROSSREF.</strong></p> </div> Instituto Peruano de Orientación Psicológica en-US Interacciones 2413-4465 <p>The authors retain the copyright and give the journal the right of the first publication and that they can edit it, reproduce it, distribute it, exhibit it and communicate it in the country and abroad through printed and digital media.</p> <p>The digital version of the journal is registered under a Creative Commons license (Under Creative Commons License): Attribution 4.0 International <strong>(CC BY 4.0)</strong>. Therefore, this work can be reproduced, distributed and publicly communicated in digital format, provided that the names of the authors and <strong>Interacciones</strong>.</p> <p>Therefore, it is established that authors can make other independent and additional behavioural agreements for the non-exclusive distribution of the version of the article published in this journal (eg, include it in institutional repositories or publish it in a book) as long as it is clearly indicated that the work was published for the first time in this journal.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> The Bidimensional Model of Mental Health: an empirical approach in a general population sample <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">Comprehensive mental health research is proposed as an important resource for individual well-being, as opposed to indicators of psychopathology.&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Objectives:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">We present an approach to the Bidimensional Model of Mental Health (BDSM) that considers psychological distress and subjective well-being as two separate but related dimensions.</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Methods:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;In a sample of 290 adults from the community, with 55.2% women and a mean age of 28.6 (Dt = 12.0).&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Results:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">The continuous results confirm a two-dimensional structure of psychopathology (PS) and subjective well-being (BS). The proposed model proposes classification into four groups according to the above result, namely, complete mental health (high BS, low PS, 62.2%), vulnerable (low BS, low PS, 11.4%), symptomatic but content (high BS, high PS, 11.4%) and troubled (low BS, high PS, 15%). The categorical results indicate that the problem and symptomatic groups obtained higher mean scores in trait worry, experiential and behavioral avoidance, and in turn, the symptomatic group scored higher in resistance to distress and in the more adaptive cognitive emotional regulation strategies; on the contrary, the vulnerable group obtained lower means in the latter. The results of the vulnerable and symptomatic groups confirm the coexistence of well-being and psychopathology.</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Conclusions:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">The promotion of subjective well-being is proposed when considering health in a more comprehensive way, because of its potential to generate profound and lasting benefits for individuals and the community in general.</span></p> Manuel González Mario González Lastenia Hernández Laureano Lorenzo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-03-23 2023-03-23 e259 e259 10.24016/2023.v9.259 Female Perception of Cohabitation and Marriage in Metropolitan Arequipa <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;During the last decades in Peru there have been greater demographic changes, like the remarkable increase in the number of cohabitating couples and the decrease of married ones. Therefore, this study aims to describe the perception of cohabitation and marriage between women in the city of Arequipa, Peru.&nbsp;<strong>Methods:</strong>&nbsp;764 women between 18 and 66 years of age were randomly selected according to their socioeconomic level and they were surveyed with a questionnaire about cohabitation and marriage perception. The results indicated that the majority of evaluated women considered marriage important (82.5) because it is the most appropriate way to start living as a couple (35.2%) and it is a legally recognized institution (31.3%), among other reasons. Furthermore, the majority of women do not consider cohabitation as more convenient than getting married (65.8%) and mostly reported that cohabitation is a type of relationship in which members mutually support each other (97.5%), that is exclusive between two people (97%) and in which expenses and duties are shared (95.9%).&nbsp;<strong>Conclusion:&nbsp;</strong>For a great percentage of cohabiters and single women from the sample, marriage is important. The majority of women do not consider cohabitation more convenient than getting married. The women that considered cohabitation more convenient, pointed two main reasons: knowing if the couple is getting along and knowing the couple well. Less than the 10% of these women believe that cohabitation is a step prior to marriage. Regarding the perception of marriage compared to cohabitation, for the vast majority of women, the perception of cohabitation is similar to the characteristics of marriage.&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></p> Analucía Torres Flor Lila Cerellino Cernades Renzo Rivera ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-03-16 2023-03-16 e270 e270 10.24016/2023.v9.270 Relationships of emotion regulation to procrastination, life satisfaction and resilience to discomfort <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">Emotion regulation involves the modulation of emotional experiences to facilitate goal attainment. Conversely, emotional difficulties are a pattern of emotional experiences and expressions that interfere with goal-directed behavior.&nbsp;<strong>Objectives:&nbsp;</strong>Our aim was to determine the relationship between emotional regulation difficulties with procrastination, life satisfaction, and resilience to distress.&nbsp;<strong>Methods:&nbsp;</strong>The sample consisted of 366 individuals from the general population, with a mean age of 33 years (SD=15) and 62.1% female.&nbsp;<strong>Results:&nbsp;</strong>Procrastination was positively related to the six emotional distress regulation strategies and negative affect (NA), and negatively related to positive affect (PA). Life satisfaction and distress endurance are negatively related to the identified regulation strategies and NA, and positively related to PA. Procrastination, once NA and PA are controlled is predicted by lack of clarity and lack of goals. Satisfaction with life and resistance to distress are predicted by less lack of strategies.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusions:</strong>&nbsp;It is concluded that of the sociodemographic variables only age is relevant to procrastination, given that people younger than 21 years score higher on this construct. Procrastination is positively related to the six&nbsp;</span>dimensions<span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;of difficulties in emotion regulation, where it is predicted by lack of goals and lack of clarity, however, satisfaction with life and resistance to discomfort by less lack of strategies.</span></p> Manuel González Anna Rovella Andrea Barrera Mario González ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-02-28 2023-02-28 e278 e278 10.24016/2023.v9.278 Suicide risk model based on the interpersonal theory of suicide: evidence in three regions of Mexico <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">Reports of suicidal behavior have increased in Mexico for years. In order to develop a more adequate suicide prevention strategy, it is necessary to understand its predictive factors, so the purpose of this research was to propose a model of suicidal risk in young people, taking into account one of the most current theories on the subject, Joiner's interpersonal theory.&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Method:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">A non-probabilistic sample of young people with suicidal ideation from three regions of Mexico was obtained by online survey (N=411), with mean age of 17.89 years (SD. 1.2), 336 women (81.8%), and 75 men (18.2%).&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Results:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">First, a multiple linear regression model was created to predict suicidal risk based on thwarted belongingness and perceived burden with 17% explained variance; then a second model was generated with the same variables and including other factors associated with suicide such as self-injury desires, impulsivity and suicide attempts, in addition to variables associated with family conflicts, improving the explained variance to 34%. Lastly, two properly adjusted structural equation models were obtained, one focused on suicidal risk (R<sup>2</sup>=.21; RMSEA=.026; CFI=.99) and the other on ideation (R<sup>2</sup>=.18; RMSEA=.070; CFI=.98).&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Conclusions:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">The main factors that explain suicidal risk are depressive symptoms, perceived burden and desires for self-injury. Further research on the effect of painful experiences as factors that could predict suicide attempt is suggested.</span></p> Modesto Solis-Espinoza Juan Manuel Mancilla Díaz Rosalía Vázquez Arévalo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-02-23 2023-02-23 e284 e284 10.24016/2023.v9.284 Psychometric properties of the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) in Mexican adults <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">Insomnia is the sleep disorder with the highest incidence worldwide. It is estimated that this condition increases the risk of developing psychiatric, neurological, and cardiovascular problems. Due to this, it is important to have brief, reliable and valid psychometric instruments that allow health personnel their timely detection in first level health centers.</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;Objectives:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">Analyze the psychometric properties of the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) in its version adapted to Spanish in a sample of Mexican adults.&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Methods:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;The sample consisted of 310 adults,</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">223 (71.9%) women and 87 (28.1%) men. The comparison of four ISI measurement models of one, two and three factors and a bifactor model was carried out, its internal consistency was analyzed, an analysis of invariance by sex and correlation analysis with the Athens and Epworth scales.&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Results:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">The ISI bifactor model with a general factor (G) and a specific factor for insomnia impact (I) showed the best fit indices (<em>χ2</em>= 29.48,&nbsp;<span class="SpellE"><em>gl</em></span>&nbsp;= 11, SRMR= 0.03, CFI= 0.98, TLI= 0.96, RMSEA= 0.07), and demonstrated configural, metric, and scalar invariance by sex. Adequate reliability was demonstrated by Omega coefficients&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">(General:&nbsp;<span class="SpellE">ω<em><sub>G</sub></em></span>= 0.86, Impact:&nbsp;<span class="SpellE">ω<em><sub>I</sub></em></span>= 0.86) showed adequate reliability; the scale showed very strong correlations with the Athens scale (<span class="SpellE">r<sub>AGoverall</sub></span>= 0.84;&nbsp;<span class="SpellE">r<sub>AImpact</sub></span>=0.75) and weak to moderate correlations with the Epworth scale (<span class="SpellE"><em>r<sub>EGeneral</sub></em></span>= 0.39;&nbsp;<span class="SpellE"><em>r<sub>EImpact</sub></em></span><sub>=</sub>0.44).</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Conclusions:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">The ISI bifactor version in Spanish presents adequate psychometric properties for the measurement of insomnia and, as it is a brief tool, it can be used at different levels of health care.</span></p> Horacio Balam Álvarez García Isaías Vicente Lugo-González Fabiola González Betanzos ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-19 2023-05-19 e311 e311 10.24016/2023.v9.311